Long definition

 

Neuropsychology is a specialized domain of psychology that is focused on the multiple relationships between (1) cognitive and affective functioning, (2) normal or abnormal neurobiological correlates, and (3) the behavior of the individual – either isolated or in interaction, in different contexts and phases of the life cycle. This is achieved by the application of a variety of methods and techniques, some of which are specific to Neuropsychology, while others are common to other areas of Psychology and Neuroscience.

Clinical Neuropsychology is the application of neuropsychology in clinical situations across the life span. The activity of Clinical Neuropsychology is directed at inferring alterations in the cognitive and affective functioning of the individual and how these relate to the nervous system in general and the brain in particular. The practice of Clinical Neuropsychology is fundamentally based on the exploration and systematic evaluation with the use of psychological and neuropsychological assessment instruments, along with other sources of information. A clinical case formulation thus produced is used both for diagnostic and prognostic purposes, which contribute to: (1) planning, (2) implementation and (3) evaluation of neuropsychological intervention.

A Clinical Neuropsychologist draws upon scientific and technical knowledge comprising the skilled use of clinical interview techniques and standardized instruments. The practice of Clinical Neuropsychology demands at a minimum: formal knowledge of psychometry; psychopathology; neurobiological correlates of normal and abnormal cognitive functioning and affective mood.  Consideration is given to how such phenomena are expressed in different stages of development and in context of the individual, family and society. The Clinical Neuropsychologist in the context of normal functioning and aquired and developmental brain injury, will apply to the individual needs, such skills to understanding and implementing individual and group interventions. This may include behavior management or modification, psychoeducation, and psychological support, as well as the implementation of programs involving stimulation, maintenance, or rehabilitation of neuropsychological functions.


Accepted on 11 Oct, 2018 by the SC on Clinical Neuropsychology